A biography of albert einstein a german scientist

Conrad HabichtMaurice Solovine and Einstein. After graduating inEinstein spent almost two frustrating years searching for a teaching post. He acquired Swiss citizenship in February[50] but for medical reasons was not conscripted.

A biography of albert einstein a german scientist

Early years

Visit Website While at Zurich Polytechnic, Einstein fell in love with his fellow student Mileva Maric, but his parents opposed the match and he lacked the money to marry. The couple had an illegitimate daughter, Lieserl, born in earlyof whom little is known.

After finding a position as a clerk at the Swiss patent office in Bern, Einstein married Maric in ; they would have two more children, Hans Albert born and Eduard born In the first paper, he applied the quantum theory developed by German physicist Max Planck to light in order to explain the phenomenon known as the photoelectric effect, by which a material will emit electrically charged particles when hit by light.

To do this, Einstein introduced his special theory of relativity, which held that the laws of physics are the same even for objects moving in different inertial frames i.

A fourth paper concerned the fundamental relationship between mass and energy, concepts viewed previously as completely separate. From Zurich to Berlin Einstein continued working at the patent office untilwhen he finally found a full-time academic post at the University of Zurich.

Inhe arrived at the University of Berlin, where he was made director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physics. InEinstein published the general theory of relativity, which he considered his masterwork.

This theory found that gravity, as well as motion, can affect time and space.

A biography of albert einstein a german scientist

Intwo expeditions sent to perform experiments during a solar eclipse found that light rays from distant stars were deflected or bent by the gravity of the sun in just the way Einstein had predicted.

Inhe won the Nobel Prize for his work on the photoelectric effect, as his work on relativity remained controversial at the time. Einstein soon began building on his theories to form a new science of cosmology, which held that the universe was dynamic instead of static, and was capable of expanding and contracting.

Einstein Moves to the United States A longtime pacifist and a Jew, Einstein became the target of hostility in Weimar Germany, where many citizens were suffering plummeting economic fortunes in the aftermath of defeat in the Great War.

A biography of albert einstein a german scientist

In Decembera month before Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany, Einstein made the decision to emigrate to the United States, where he took a position at the newly founded Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey.

He would never again enter the country of his birth. In the process, Einstein became increasingly isolated from many of his colleagues, who were focused mainly on the quantum theory and its implications, rather than on relativity. Roosevelt advising him to approve funding for the development of uranium before Germany could gain the upper hand.

Einstein, who became a U. Throughout the last years of his life, Einstein continued his quest for a unified field theory. Though he published an article on the theory in Scientific American init remained unfinished when he died, of an aortic aneurysm, five years later.Fritz Haber (German: ; 9 December – 29 January ) was a German chemist who received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in for his invention of the Haber–Bosch process, a method used in industry to synthesize ammonia from nitrogen gas and hydrogen gas.

Albert Einstein: Albert Einstein, German-born physicist who developed the special and general theories of relativity and won the Nobel Prize for Physics in for his explanation of the photoelectric effect.

18th Century Scientists

Einstein is generally considered the most influential physicist of the 20th century. Walter Isaacson, formerly an American CNN and Time executive, wrote "Einstein: His Life and Universe," and Jurgen Neffe, a German scientist and journalist, wrote "Einstein: A Biography.".

Albert Einstein is often cited as one of the most influential scientists of the 20 th century. His work helps astronomers study everything from gravitational waves to Mercury's orbit.

His equation. Albert Einstein. For the first time, scientists have confirmed part of Albert Einstein's general theory of relativity predicting what happens to a star passing close to a supermassive black hole. Find here the infos on the greatest German scientist Albert Einstein.

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Albert Einstein: Biography, Theories & Quotes