Home National Security 12 Integral Pros and Cons of Biological Warfare 12 Integral Pros and Cons of Biological Warfare National Security Aug 5, Also referred to as germ warfare, biological warfare is defined as the use of biological toxins and infectious agents, including bacteria, viruses and fungi, which incapacitate or causes injuries to animals, plants and, of course, humans as an act of war.
These agents can kill many people and are considered weapons of mass destruction. Chemical weapons are made up of poisonous chemical compounds, whereas biological weapons are living microorganisms.
Toxin weapons contain poisonous chemical products of living organisms and are sometimes classified separately. Chemical and biological weapons can cause injury in several ways. Most cause injury or death when inhaled, and some cause injury through contact with skin or through ingestion of contaminated food.
A chemical or biological attack usually involves dispersing agents into the air. This can be done in various ways, such as firing artillery shells that burst in mid-air, or using airplanes to spray the agents over an area.
If released outdoors, these types of weapons can be affected by weather conditions. Rain would reduce the effectiveness of the agents, and wind might spread them in unexpected directions. Because chemical and biological agents are seen as random, dangerous, and particularly cruel weapons, they have rarely been used.
In the 20th century, chemicals were used extensively as battlefield weapons only in World War I and the Iran-Iraq War The release of the nerve agent sarin in a Tokyo subway in was a rare terrorist chemical attack.
The Biological Weapons Convention and the Chemical Weapons Convention are the most recent international agreements prohibiting these types of weapons, and both have been signed by many countries. Nevertheless, analysts contend that following the Iran-Iraq War, more countries began to secretly develop chemical and biological weapons, and the threat of their use has become greater.
Iraq in particular has been accused of stockpiling such weapons, and Iraqi resistance to United Nations weapons inspections in the late s raised international awareness of the need for stronger efforts to control biological and chemical weapons.
Chemical WarfarePrint section Chemical warfare involves the use of chemical compounds to kill or seriously injure an enemy.
Several countries began eliminating their chemical weapons stockpiles in the s, but the threat of their use still exists. Chemical AgentsPrint section Chemical warfare agents can be grouped into two general types: William Smith and the Birth of Modern Geology Simon Winchester Surface agents include phosgene gas, chlorine gas, hydrogen cyanide, and mustard gas.
The principal action of phosgene, chlorine, and hydrogen cyanide occurs through inhalation. Phosgene is a choking agent that causes the lungs to fill with water, while chlorine destroys the cells that line the respiratory tract.
Hydrogen cyanide blocks oxygen from reaching the blood. Mustard gas is actually composed of tiny droplets of liquid that are dispersed in the air, where they are inhaled like a gas.
Mustard is a blistering agent that damages any surface it contacts, including the skin, eyes, and lungs. It may cause death by respiratory failure.
See also Tear Gas. Nerve agents act by blocking the transmission of nerve messages throughout the body. These agents include sarin, soman, tabun, and VX. All act by disrupting the normal action of a neurotransmitter called acetylcholine.
The most powerful of this group is VX, but all can cause death within minutes after exposure.Biology and Chemical Warfare Research Essay Chemical and Biological Warfare, use of harmful or deadly chemical or biological agents as weapons of war.
These agents can kill many people and are considered weapons of mass destruction. Chemical and Biological Warfare, use of harmful or deadly chemical or biological agents as weapons of war. These agents can kill many people and are considered weapons of mass destruction.
Chemical weapons are made up of poisonous chemical compounds, whereas biological weapons are living. Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Warfare Nuclear, Biological and Chemical (NBC) warfare is one of the most dreaded forms of attack on the battlefield.
In the last century, we learned a great deal about how life works, how it is organized. Chemical, Biological and Nuclear Warfare Thesis As current problems of terrorism and the war on Iraq, chemical, biological and nuclear warfare (CBW) issues are important and relevant.
CBW agents are dangerous, uncontrollable and undifferentiating weapons of mass destructions. Chemical and Biological Weapons This Essay Chemical and Biological Weapons and other 64,+ term papers, college essay examples and free essays are available now on leslutinsduphoenix.com Autor: review • November 1, • Essay • Words (3 Pages) • Views4/4(1).
Essay on Biology and Chemical Warfare Biology and Chemical Warfare Introduction Chemical and Biological Warfare, use of harmful or deadly chemical or biological agents as weapons of war.
These agents can kill many people and are considered weapons of mass destruction.