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Cause and Effect By Ray E. The age at which a juvenile can be labeled a delinquent may be from 6 to 12 years of age, but studies have shown that in the preschool years, early problem behaviors such as serious aggression and chronic violations of rules have been linked to later delinquent behavior.
Other signs in very young children that have shown to be possible predictors of later delinquent behavior are the lack of normal development in basic skills like language. Of course, not all children are appropriately labeled. What is considered normal behavior in a very young child can fit into any one of the categories mentioned in this article.
Incidents of violence among juveniles has been rising steadily in the past 20 years and in the wake of significant increases in the severity of juvenile crime, we find that despite efforts at rehabilitation, recidivism among juvenile offenders is very high.
Roughly half of all youth arrests are made on account of theft, simple assault and drug abuse. In approximately 69 million people in the United States were under the age of The projected juvenile population is expected to reach 74 million by the year This population growth may lead to an increase in the number of victims of crime by juveniles and an increased caseload in the juvenile justice system.
The juvenile population in will include a greater number of older juveniles and a greater proportion of minority issues related to juvenile violence. Demographic and environmental factors will be an important element to be monitored if current trends continue.
In major cities, a substantial number of 6th to 12th grade students have reported violence, crime, weapons and gang related activity in their schools. Crimes of violence among youth can include fighting, rape and robbery.
Juveniles between the ages of 12 and 17 are most likely to be victims of these, being significantly correlated with low grades, younger age of onset of sexual activity and a high desire for acceptance from peers. Exposure to violence and victimization has also been attributed to the cause of perpetration of violent crime by youth.
Youth on youth violence mainly involves assaults. People between the ages of 12 to 19 are most likely to be victims of assaults by people in the same age group. If they were, this figure would be substantially higher.
Risk factors associated with youth violence can be environmentally related. Individual social and environmental risk factors should be taken into account as well.
The causal status of known risk factors remains to be clarified, and no single risk factor can explain juvenile delinquency.
Obviously, the more risk factors that are identified, the more likely a juvenile will exhibit delinquent behavior. Social and community related risk factors include; the availability of drugs and firearms, community disorganization, and economic depravation.
Certain demographic and environmental factors are taken into consideration when gathering information for statistical purposes. For example, studies have shown the majority of juvenile offenders come from families living in poverty, the highest percent being people of color or minority groups.
Two specific aspects of the family environment and structure seem to recur in the literature on delinquency. These may best be characterized as family type and family status. Family type refers to the way the family interacts with one another, that is, levels of adaptability, cohesiveness, and communication between family members.
Cohesion refers to the emotional attachment or bond among family members. There are four levels to the cohesion element: Families that are disengaged lack loyalty or closeness and are characterized by high levels of independence. On the other end of the scale is the enmeshed element, which is characterized by very high levels of closeness and dependency.
Family status refers to the composition of the family. Studies have shown that children from single parent and reconstituted families are more prone to problems than are children from traditional families.
Family related risk factors include a family history of problem behavior, family conflict, and inadequate problem solving skills. Studies have shown that children of physically abusive parents are more likely to grow into abusive adults, coining the term, "cycle of violence". Parents that participate in criminal behavior are more likely to produce children that commit criminal acts.
Studies have also shown that a child's delinquent behavior has been associated with the arrest s of one or both of the parents. School related factors include low academic success and early, persistent antisocial behaviors. The most obvious indicators of potential violent behavior are the individual related risk factors.
The most notable acts of violence are shootings in schools.
The youth that have committed these violent acts had most, if not all the individual and peer related risk factors.May 07, · Cause and effect essay topics list and examples of writing on leslutinsduphoenix.com Content of this article Right topic choice List of topics Download all topics in PDF DOCX Purposes of cause and effect essay Samples Choosing the Right Cause and Effect Topic The first rule of thumb is, the student should always choose a topic they are familiar with.
Those who have been bold, allowed themselves to befriend the gang members and have learned more about them as people, have fortunately survived (Castro).
They have also been able to turn some lives around, and help them realize gang violence is preventable (Hayden, Foreword). What subject to choose when it comes to cause and effect essay writing. We have collected some good ideas to get you started with your essay.
Choosing the essay topic for cause and effect essay type is not difficult, here are some good sample essay topics: Domestic violence; Growing up with a single parent; Effect of school bullying on.
cause and effect essay. Cause and Effect Essay The United States has the 26th highest rate of gun violence in the world (Washington Post, ).
It accounted for 70 percent . Jill Nicholson April 11th Cause/Effect Essay: Causes of Drug Use Among Young People. Everybody knows bad things can happen to drug users. They become addicted. Causes and Correlates: Findings and Implications Also Risk-Based Response to Gangs.
Points of view or opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position or policies of OJJDP or the U.S.
Department of Justice.