Conditional cash transfer

Conditional cash transfers have been used in many countries: Female Secondary School Assistance Project, established in This CCT program, conditional only on school attendance and girls remaining unmarried, provides tuition and stipends. It provides monthly cash payments to poor households if their school-aged children between the ages of 6 and 15 are enrolled in school, and if their younger children under age 6 have received vaccinations.

Conditional cash transfer

Correspondence and reprint requests: However, the slow decline in maternal and newborn mortality jeopardizes achievements of the targets of MDGs. Further, skilled birth attendance and the use of antenatal care are most inequitably distributed in maternal and newborn health interventions in low- and middle-income countries.

Conditional cash transfer CCT programmes have been shown Conditional cash transfer increase health service utilization among the poorest but little is written on the effects of such programmes on maternal and newborn health.

We carried out a systematic review of studies on CCT that report maternal and newborn health outcomes, including studies from 8 countries. The CCT programmes have increased antenatal visits, skilled attendance at birth, delivery at a health facility, and tetanus toxoid vaccination for mothers and reduced the incidence of low birthweight.

The programmes have not had a significant impact on fertility while the impact on maternal and newborn mortality has not been well-documented thus far. Given these positive effects, we make the case for further investment in CCT programmes for maternal and newborn health, noting gaps in knowledge and providing recommendations for better design and evaluation of such programmes.

We recommend more rigorous impact evaluations that document impact pathways and take factors, such as cost-effectiveness, into account.

INTRODUCTION

Most of these deaths occur in the intrapartum and immediate postpartum period largely from preventable causes 12. Annually, about 60 million women give birth outside of health facilities, mainly at home and 52 million without a skilled birth attendant 3.

Conditional cash transfer

Further, skilled birth attendance and the use of antenatal care are most inequitably distributed in 12 key maternal, newborn and child health interventions studied in low- and middle-income countries LMICswith poorer women facing higher barriers to access 4.

The reasons behind the limited use of maternal health services by the poor are myriad and occur on both demand households, women and supply provider sides but a key demand-side obstacle relates to financial barriers 6.

Conditional cash transfer CCT is a type of demand-side programme that has been used in overcoming financial barriers to healthcare. CCT is a component of social programmes that condition regular cash payments to poor households on the use of certain health services and school attendance.

These programmes have two main objectives: Payments are usually provided to women, and compliance with conditions is verified by the programme.

Conditional cash transfers in Mexico and Colombia

Transfers are generally sized to close the gap between average consumption in the bottom quintile of the income distribution and the extreme poverty line.

Initially based in Latin America Mexico, Brazil, Nicaragua, Hondurasthe CCT programmes now operate around the world and are regarded as successful social protection strategies, given their impact in increasing investments to human capital 7. In JSY, a mix of geographical and income-targeting is used in inducing pregnant women to seek care while, in Nepal, cash incentives are offered to all pregnant women 8.

Although programmes differ in their specific design features, CCT programmes usually share the following key features Figure 1.The Head, kogi state cash transfer unit, Mrs Falilat Rasaq says the essence of the five thousand naira giving to the poorest of the poor, in the rural communities by the federal government, under the conditional cash transfer, CCT, is to cushion the effect of poverty.

Conditional cash transfer (CCT) programmes have been shown to increase health service utilization among the poorest but little is written on the effects of such programmes on .

Indeed, the same logic laid out for cash-based transfers may hold for in-kind programs – i.e., in between the extremes of pure conditional and hard-core conditional programs there is a wealth of blends that vary by (intended or unintended) design, monitoring, communication and enforcement features.

Indeed, the same logic laid out for cash-based transfers may hold for in-kind programs – i.e., in between the extremes of pure conditional and hard-core conditional programs there is a wealth of blends that vary by (intended or unintended) design, monitoring, communication and enforcement features.

of the conditional cash transfer (CCT) program modeled by Latin American countries. The 4Ps by far is the most comprehensive and also, .

Conditional cash transfer

Over the past couple of decades, conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs have become popular aspects of development strategies in poor countries.

Defining Conditional Cash Transfer Programs: An Unconditional Mess | Impact Evaluations