Like most proteins, they are synthesized by the ribosomes in the cell. They react with a specific substrate in order to increase the rate of a chemical reaction within the cell.
Overview Laboratory tests are tools helpful in evaluating the health status of an individual. It is important to realize that laboratory results may be outside of the so-called "normal range" for many reasons.
It is not possible to diagnose or treat any disease or problem with this blood test alone. It can, however, help you to learn more about your body and detect potential problems in early stages when treatment or changes in personal habits can be most effective.
Thus an abnormal test does not necessarily mean that there is something wrong with you. Statistically if you have 20 or 30 individual tests run as part of a panel, chances are 1 or 2 will be slightly outside the normal range. Part of what you see your doctor for is to interpret whether or not these changes are meaningful.
This review is a brief summary of the most common tests and is not intended to be comprehensive or replace discussion of your results with your health care team.
This is a measure of the sugar level in your blood. High values are associated with eating before the test, and diabetes. Sometimes a glucose tolerance test, which involves giving you a sugary drink followed by several blood glucose tests, is necessary to properly sort out normal from IFG from diabetes.
In addition, the glycohemoglobin see below may now be used to diagnose diabetes. Be aware that variations in lab normals exist.
Also, Europeans tend to use a 2 hour after eating definition of diabetes rather than a fasting glucose.
Using the European standards tends to increase the number of people who are classified as having diabetes. These are your potassium, sodium, chloride, and CO2 levels. Potassium is controlled very carefully by the kidneys. It is important for the proper functioning of the nerves and muscles, particularly the heart.
Any value outside the expected range, high or low, requires medical evaluation. This is especially important if you are taking a diuretic water pill or heart pill Digitalis, Lanoxin, etc. Sodium is also regulated by the kidneys and adrenal glands.
There are numerous causes of high and low sodium levels, but the most common causes of low sodium are diuretic usage, diabetes drugs like chlorpropamide, and excessive water intake in patients with heart or liver disease. CO2 reflects the acid status of your blood.
Low CO2 levels can be due to either to increased acidity from uncontrolled diabetes, kidney disease, metabolic disorders, or low CO2 can be due to chronic hyperventilation. High values may mean that the kidneys are not working as well as they should. Creatinine is a waste product largely from muscle breakdown.
High values, especially with high BUN levels, may indicate problems with the kidneys. Uric Acid is normally excreted in urine.
High values are associated with gout, arthritis, kidney problems and the use of some diuretics. Injury to cells release these enzymes into the blood. They are found in muscles, the liver and heart. Damage from alcohol and a number of diseases are reflected in high values.
Alkaline phosphatase is an enzyme found primarily in bones and the liver. Expected values are higher for those who are growing children and pregnant women or when damage to bones or liver has occurred or with gallstones.
Low values are probably not significant. GGT is also elevated in liver disease, particularly with obstruction of bile ducts.The Purdue University Online Writing Lab serves writers from around the world and the Purdue University Writing Lab helps writers on Purdue's campus.
View Lab Report - Example of Good Lab Report from BIO at Tri-County Technical College. The Effect of Concentration and pH on the Enzyme Activity Abstract The value of enzymes for the cells%(14). Katy and Houston Texas diabetes endocrinologists Diana Desai MD, Cristina Dumitru MD, Medhavi Jogi MD, Fareed Elhaj MD and pediatric endocrinologist Dr.
Deepa Suresh treat thyroid diseases, thyroid nodules, parathyroid, pituitary, and diabetes mellitus. They diagnose and manage Papillary thyroid cancer, follicular thyroid cancer, and medullary thyroid cancer.
A Handbook to seek information on Pediatric Surgery related topics. Created in March to help medical students and surgery residents learn basic principles of Pediatric leslutinsduphoenix.comsion is granted to copy the manual giving credit to those authors that appears.
Enzymes Lab Report Inroduction In this lab we explore an enzymes activity and how it can be affected by changes to its environment. An enzyme is a protein and is a catalyst to chemical reactions.
It helps accelerate reactions by lowering the activation energy, which is .
The reference ranges for your tests can be found on your laboratory report. They are typically found to the right of your results. If you do not have your lab report, consult your healthcare provider or the laboratory that performed the test(s) to obtain the reference range.