Magazine Article, Monthly White, C.
Verbatim text, enclosed by quotation marks or set off by other formatting elements such as block-indenting Text based on a source, but rephrased in Wikipedia editors' own words Attribution Both quotations and paraphrases must be attributed to their sources Verbatim text Yes, usually an unedited, exact reproduction of the original source, with any alterations such as corrections or abridgements clearly marked as such No, the meaning of the original source is faithfully preserved, but is restated with different words Formatting elements Yes, quote marks or formatting clearly indicate where the quotation begins and ends No, paraphrases are not distinguished from the running text Examples[ edit ] Quotation This attitude to art and life can be summarized by Wilde 's maxim, "When a truth becomes a fact it loses all its intellectual value.
McNabb, working with embryos from seven different species, published a paper in Nature inreporting that: This attitude to art and life was expressed by Oscar Wildewho said that truths lose their intellectual value when they become facts.
This post-modernist  attitude to art and life can be expressed in the truth-info-fact maxim,  that a widely held but unproven "truth", which may have a rich history of philosophical interpretation,  may lose its intellectual value by the time research has reduced it to a mere fact, which may be verified yet excised from its cultural context.
A Nature paper  announced in the identification of the gene thought to initiate cochlear development. This is a courtesy to any readers doing research, signaling that they may need to review the original source for the particulars, which may be more meaningful in their original context.
It is also a good-faith way to help other editors assessing the article to decide whether they need to examine this contextualization whether by integration, compression of verbiage, or dropping of details exhibits correct source interpretation and no original analysis or synthesis.
General guidelines[ edit ] Quotations are a good way to comply with the no original research policy but must be used with care. Quotations must be verifiably attributed to a reliable source see Wikipedia: Wikipedia guidelines for proper attribution of quotes are found in WP: Attribution should be provided in the text of the article, not exclusively in a footnote or citation.
A reader should not have to follow a footnote to learn who authored the quote. Any quotation that is not sourced may be removed at any time, however, a good faith search in an effort to find a source before removing a quote is appreciated as an act of good faith see WP: If the quote is not controversial or a violation of WP: If no one provides a citation, and you can't find it either, then feel free to delete the quote.
The quotation should be representative of the whole source document; editors should be very careful to avoid misrepresentation of the argument in the source. Where a quotation presents rhetorical language in place of the more neutral, dispassionate tone preferred for encyclopedias, it can be a backdoor method of inserting a non-neutral treatment of a controversial subject into Wikipedia's narrative on the subject; be very careful.
We encourage the inclusion and use of all reliable sources, including biased ones, but biased and POV content must be reliably sourced, and POV language must be quoted and attributed, rather than in Wikipedia's voice.
For free or public domain material, usage of quote marks is not required by copyrights, but to avoid plagiarism; that is still wrong. Explicit quotes must be used to provide clear attribution of wording to the original author s.
At a minimum the text must be attributed and given a footnote, or given a link to the original text. For copyrighted material, see below. For free or public domain material, longer quotes may often be used than would be allowed under "fair use" of copyrighted material.
COMMA Do not put quotations in italics unless the material would otherwise call for italics, such as for emphasis and the use of non-English words see the Manual of Style.
Indicate whether italics were used in the original text or whether they were added later. Now cracks a noble heart. Good night sweet prince: And flights of angels sing thee to thy rest! If not used verbatim, any alterations must be clearly marked, i.
Exceptions are trivial spelling or typographical errors that obviously do not affect the intended meaning; these may be silently corrected. Longer quotations may also be hidden in the reference footnote to facilitate verification by other editors without sacrificing readability.
Recommended use[ edit ] In some instances, quotations are preferred to text.
When dealing with a controversial subject. As per the WP: Quotations are the simplest form of attribution.Indenting Quotations: Prose or verse quotations less than four lines long are not indented.
For quotations of this length, use the patterns described above. Indent "longer" quotations in a block about ten spaces in from the left margin; when a quotation is indented, quotation marks are not used.
How to Quote a Source. Quote selectively Similarly, after you have decided that you do want to use material in quoted form, quote only the portions of the text specifically relevant to your point. Think of the text in terms of units--words, phrases, sentences, and groups of sentences (paragraphs, stanzas)--and use only the units you need.
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This is not an example of the work written by our professional academic writers. You can view samples of our professional work here. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and.
All quotations, both in-line and block quotations, must include the complete citation (see earlier blog posts).
The author name(s) may appear in your introductory sentence or in the parentheses (see the examples in this PDF). May 04, · PURCHASING AND SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT DEFINITIONS AND CLARIFICATION PURCHASING Purchasing is the act of buying the goods and services that a company needs to operate and/or manufacture products.
6 Easy Rules with examples for punctuating quotation in dialogue and conversation. Includes examples, Words for Said chart and writing conversation tips. Jan Harold Brunvand, in an essay on urban legends, states, "some individuals [who retell urban legends] make a point of learning every rumor or tale" (78). If you omit a word or words from a quotation, you should indicate the deleted word or words by using ellipsis marks, which are three periods . All quotations, both in-line and block quotations, must include the complete citation (see earlier blog posts). The author name(s) may appear in your introductory sentence or in the parentheses (see the examples in this PDF).
Many people are ignorant of what purchasing is all about. “Purchasing” is the term used in industries, commerce, public corporations to denote the act of and the. 6 Easy Rules with examples for punctuating quotation in dialogue and conversation. Includes examples, Words for Said chart and writing conversation tips.