Panchayati Raj in India aims to build democracy at grass-root level and signifies the system of rural self government. After, 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act of these institutions have received Constitutional status.
Mahatma Gandhi, the father of the nation, often emphasized that India lives in villages at the time of independence, about In India, the system of panchayats has a long history.
Its structure however varied from time to time. We also find references of Gram Panchayat in ancient and medieval literatures.
As we know, India is a caste-ridden society. Along with Gram Panchayats we also find Caste Panchayats in every caste to solve their social problems like marital discord and disputes.
During the British period, an effort was made to revive the Village Panchayats but it could not make any success. The two successive plans had failed to not only produce desired results but also generate real enthusiasm among the people. It was felt that the scheme of CDP failed because of the lack of proper governance.
In the context of this crisis of governance inefficiency, corruption, lack of accountability, mounting disillusionment of the citizens towards government institutions and officialsdecentralization was widely accepted as a powerful means to instill confidence and revive trust of people in government programmes.
Democratic renewal through reorganizing the power structure would bring the government closer to people. It was seen as a means to deepen democracy, make governance accountable and responsive.
Not only would it enhance the effectiveness of public policies and service delivery, but also give greater voice to citizens.
|Panchayati Raj - History||Among the first tasks that India had to assume was the formulation and execution of the first five year plan in the fifties.|
This was a transfer of power and initiative for social and economic development of villages. Thus, the Panchayati Raj came into being.
Indeed, the prosperity of entire country depends on the prosperity and self-sufficiency of the villages. The Panchayati Raj system fulfils the long felt need of making the village administration truly independent and genuinely representative of the popular will, and putting village people in direct charge of their affairs.
It mainly aimed to foster democratic participation, involve villagers in the development efforts and ease the administrative burden on the states.
This system was also considered necessary for the growth of a sturdy democracy in India. This could be possible only when the villagers are able to organize themselves to think, plan, work and pay for the necessities and amenities for their welfare.
To those, who have considered the villages the real India, the innovation is rational, overdue and beyond criticism. It was hoped that the experiment of the Panchayati Raj will be able to harness and develop the better characteristics of the average villagers in spite of their illiteracy and restricted range of experience.
It was also expected that this system will bring new aspiration and fresh stimulus to national self-respect. In the present scheme of Panchayati Raj, the villagers have been held responsible for all-round improvement in the village life, including education, sanitation, medical relief—curative and preventive, lighting, housing, maternity and child welfare along with the administration of civil, criminal and revenue justice.
It was thought that this system would be powerful means for self-preservation in the arena of social life. The main objective behind the Panchayati Raj is that the people in the village should undertake the responsibilities of governing themselves.
Pioneer rural sociologist A.In the structure of the Panchayati Raj, the Village Panchayat is the lowest unit. There is a Panchayat for each village or a group of villages in case the population of these villages happens to be too small.
The Panchayat chiefly consists of representatives elected by the people of the village. Feb 28, · The three tier Panchayati Raj system is a system of governance founded and implemented by the Government of India to look after the administration at .
We know there is a government in India at the Center and State levels. But there is another important system for local governance. The foundation of the present local self-government in India was laid by the Panchayati Raj System (). The Panchayati Raj institutions (PRI) consists of a three-tier system at district, zilla, and village level.
In , vide 73 rd constitutional amendment, part IX titled “The Panchayats” were introduced in the Constitution of India. After Independence, Rajasthan was the first state to establish Panchayati Raj. The scheme was inaugurated by then Prime Minister Nehru on October 2, in Bagdari Village of Nagaur leslutinsduphoenix.comyati Raj in India aims to build democracy at grass-root level and signifies the system of rural self government.
Panchayati Raj System: Essay on Panchayati Raj System In India! Mahatma Gandhi, the father of the nation, often emphasized that India lives in villages (at the time of independence, about per cent population of India lived in villages) and unless the village life is revitalized, the nation as a whole cannot make progress.